Law enforcement is the prevention, investigation, apprehension, and detention of individuals suspected or convicted of violations of criminal laws.
A great variety of career opportunities is open to students who successfully complete specific portions of this program of study. There is an urgent demand for trained personnel in such areas as uniformed police patrol, investigation, criminal identification, criminalistics, and jail corrections. Financially and professionally rewarding employment in these areas may be found on the local, state, federal, and private levels.
The Police Services option of the Administration of Justice Program accepts as its basic mission the preparation of interested students for entry into the police field where the primary functions are the prevention of crime and apprehension of criminals. Students embarking on this career should have the ability to commit themselves to an endeavor where professionalism, maturity, and dedication are absolute prerequisites to success.
The mission of the American Courts is to maintain the public’s confidence in the Nation’s commitment to equal justice under law and to ensure the successful operation of the constitutionally-based adversary system of justice by which both federal and state criminal laws and federally guaranteed rights are enforced.
COMPARING FEDERAL AND STATE COURTS:
FEDERAL COURTS DEFINED:
FEDERAL COURT CAREERS:
SACRAMENTO SUPERIOR COURT:
Corrections involves the supervision of convicted offenders when they are in jail, in prison, or in the community on probation or parole.
Probation employees both prepare pre-sentencing reports with extensive background information about the offender to help judges decide sentences, and provide community supervision of individuals who have been sentenced to probation.
Corrections officers provide custody and control over prison facilities, and prison inmates – they also oversee the release processes for inmates.
Parole Agents supervise individuals who have been released early from prison.
The term “Community Corrections” encompasses all of the programs and resources available within a city or county to encourage and assist in offender reform and rehabilitation.